EU countries spend an average of 2 percent of GDP per year on research and development. Poland with 0.9 percent lags far behind the leaders in the ranking – Germany, Sweden and Finland (more than 3 per cent). – Unfortunately, we rank terribly low in Europe – said the news agency Newseria Andrzej Malinowski, President of Employers of Poland.
Although spending on research in our country is growing steadily, in 2013 it still did not exceed 0.9 percent GDP. The result clearly better than in Romania or Bulgaria but the EU average is 2 per cent and the Scandinavian countries expenditure exceeds 3 percent GDP. According to government plans the level of expenditure on R&D is expected to reach 1.7 percent not earlier than in 2020.
- Poland falls behind other European countries – says Andrzej Malinowski. – The level of innovation, both in terms of their size per capita, as well as their ratio to GDP is low. We decided to identify all the barriers that have led to this state, both in the business and science circles.
Cooperation between science and business is one of the main themes of the two-day Polish Economic Congress „Science for business, business to science” organized by the Employers of Poland. Entrepreneurs perceive among other things mutual distrust of both environments as a barrier for cooperation. Both inventors and investors want to earn money. If could be easier to distribute the income in a fair way if scientific and industrial consortia were created and knowledge was commercialized. There are no system solutions that facilitate synergies resulting from combining the resources of universities and research institutes with industry’s needs. This pertains, in particular, to the use of research infrastructure for commercial purposes.
- When it comes to government relations to the two players on the innovations’ market, that is, science and business, its role should be reduced to adequate funding – says Andrzej Malinowski. – In highly technical European countries one third of the innovation process is financed from the budget.
In Sweden and Japan more than 70 percent expenditure on research and development comes from the business sector. In the Czech Republic this figure exceeds 60 percent. In Poland is stands at around 30 per cent. According to the Employers of Poland the system and legislation in Poland is not conducive to funding of research by the business. Businesses postulate so change the tax system so as to support research and development activity of companies. EU money is also of importance.
- Until now it was different when it comes to EU funds – says Andrzej Malinowski. – Maybe this time there will be an improvement in the area of innovation. The principle that will be applied in the utilization of EU funds in the new financial perspective, basically stipulates that no scientific idea, which is designed to be used in business cannot be realized without the participation of business.
Poland will receive almost 83 billion euros in 2014-2020. A big part of the amount can be used to support innovation. It can be both an engine for growth and support for the labour market.
- Poland is a country of very well-educated people, there is a chance it will be a very serious labour market – emphasizes the President of Employers of Poland. – This inference is derived from observing what is happening in other countries where there is a very substantial number of employees, ranging from new graduates who further their education, to highly qualified professionals, professors, and other types of consultants.